“$72,780 PER MONTH ‘Mainz’ INCOME STREAM Found Inside President Obama’s Tax Returns”

Badiali's new "Mainz" teaser touts "Gold Royalties: The Real Secret To Generating Huge Returns In America's Precious Metals Markets"

By Travis Johnson, Stock Gumshoe, June 27, 2012

[The “Mainz” Teaser Term has been used several times, click here for the most recent articles]

Matt Badiali is again invoking the “Mainz” name as he teases royalty companies — the “Mainz” bit refers to the home of the Gutenberg printing press, which enabled mass-production of creative works for arguably the first time, and thus brought the potential for expanded “long tail” income as each individual work could generate more revenue, and do so over a longer period of time.

As an aside (asides already? Jeez, this might be a long one), the real enabler of that kind of royalty income is not just the physical capability to make copies, of course, but the regulatory framework to protect intellectual property from being copied again — so it wouldn’t surprise me to see some copywriter start to refer to these kinds of royalty investments as “Statute of Anne Income” — that piece of British law is not quite as old, but it has been around 400 years and set the stage for modern copyright law. Go ahead, Stansberry and Motley Fool and Agora copywriters, you can have that idea for free!

Anyway, we all love the idea of royalty income because — like President Obama’s book royalties, or Hillary or Bill Clinton’s book royalties which have also been cited in similar past teases — they sound like they’re “free money, no work.” Or at least, no more work after you do that first bit.

As far as I’m concerned, this is the key section of the ad — this is where Badiali explains the importance of what is effectively “passive income” over a long time period following an initial investment (whether of time, talent, or money):

“In every industry there’s usually a backdoor way to get paid OVER and OVER again for a single idea, property, or patent.

“In the drug business, for example, the big money is in patents.

“After all the work is done developing a new drug, for example, a scientist can partner up with a larger company to handle the expenses and risks of testing, marketing, and distribution.

“Then the patent holder gets paid for every prescription that gets filled. The guy who developed the popular pain medication Lyrica, for instance, shares in more than $2 million per month because he owns the patents. The ladies who owned the patents on the anti-fungal medicine Nystatin shared in more than $50,000 per month.

“In the publishing business the big money is in royalties.

“Once you do all the work writing a book, you just sit back and collect your share of the profits. President Barack Obama, for example, makes on average more than $72,000 PER MONTH from sales of his best seller, The Audacity of Hope.

“In fact, this is why we call it the ‘Mainz’ income stream secret.

“You see, the Guttenberg Press, which was invented in Mainz, Germany, is generally considered the invention that first made collecting regular royalties possible, by allowing book publishers and authors to make a fortune after creating a valuable piece of work.

“And to this day, the ‘Mainz’ secret remains one of the great low-risk ways to get rich in America.

“You make just one investment… or control one valuable asset… and then get paid over and over again, while somebody else takes the risk of marketing, development, and distribution.

“Now… don’t get me wrong… I’m not saying you should go out and develop a new drug, or write a book, or record a record, or anything like that.

“You see, what I’ve found is that there are some incredible (and low risk) ways to use this secret as an investor. In short, you avoid all the normal risks of doing business… and simply collect incredible royalty streams for owning a very valuable asset.”

And on that point, I agree with Badiali wholeheartedly — I love royalty companies. Though I would also point out that most books never generate any royalties, most drug compounds never get approved, and most mineral exploration leads to nothing. So the big numbers, like Obama’s hefty book royalties, skew the fact that most of the initial investment into these ideas (the years you spent writing a novel, the decades spent searching for a cure for cancer, etc.) is wasted … at least in a financial sense.

But to keep the analogy to publishing: if you can get in on a deal that’s a bit more certain than investing in an unknown author who’s just starting a book, you improve your odds of a nice hefty and long-lived royalty stream (ie, buying a share of the next Stephen King novel before he writes it, because you know he’s written few duds and the sales should be strong; or buying into a new novel that’s just about to come out and that you, a publishing expert, have read and expect to be the next Harry Potter).

So that’s the general idea: Invest in royalties, and you own a share of a future income stream without the attendant costs of producing that income — so, for example, if you have volume-based royalty on Stephen King books of $1 per book, or whatever it might be, you don’t have to care much about whether the paper and the distribution costs the publisher fifty cents this year and $2 next year, your cut remains the same … as long as it sells, you get your cut. That’s certainly not how most book royalties work, I’m just extending the example.

What, then, is the specific idea? We last wrote about Badiali’s tease for these “Mainz Income Streams” back in 2010 … is he still teasing the same royalty companies, or has he changed his ideas with the times? Let’s get into the specifics …

He gives a couple of examples of publicly-traded royalty investments that always sound intrinsically appealing — including the A&W trust (AW-UN in Toronto) that we’ve covered before, and the Mills Music Trust (MMTRS — that one’s very tiny and illiquid — they own royalty rights on some old EMI-owned songs, most of the money comes in from Christmas carols and old standards from the 1930s-50s like Little Drummer Boy and Minnie the Moocher, it has a varying yield of roughly 8% at the moment and the copyrights on their oldest important revenue-generating works began expiring in the mid-1990s, though most will be under copyright for another 10-30 years).

And then he starts to tease what he’s actually recommending … which turns out to be … gold royalties. Yes, that’s different from our last traipse down the “Mainz Income” aisle in 2010, because in 2010 the first version of this tease steered us toward US natural gas trusts. Which have, naturally, been clobbered with the declining price of natural gas.

He gives a few points to argue in favor of investing in gold royalty companies — but mostly, the argument comes down to the simple point that the few royalty companies around have done better than the average miner in recent decades, and, because they’re diversified and they locked in deals ages ago when prices are lower and they don’t have to worry much about mining costs (all-in costs for many mines are more than $1,000 per ounce produced), they are safer. I don’t dispute that, and I went into some more detail on these when I jumped into a longer discourse on royalty investing for the Friday File about three weeks ago (you can see that here if you’re logged in as a paid member — or click here if you’ve been meaning to join the Irregulars and just keep forgetting).

So which royalty companies is he teasing us with today? Well, the list of reasonably sized ones is very small and we end up writing about them with some frequency, so I can’t say that today’s piece is a massive challenge for the Thinkolator … but it’s always interesting to see which picks one of the gurus highlights. Here are our clues:

“Royalty Stream #1: This gold stream was founded by a lawyer and geologist in the early 1990s. Over the past 10 years, shares have gone up more than 2,300%, several times more than many of the world’s top gold miners – and more than 11-times the stock market’s return over the same period. Since the early 1990s, the returns have been even greater. Every $1,000 invested has become $2.4 million. I strongly believe you should consider owning shares of this gold royalty stream beginning immediately.

“Royalty Stream #2: This royalty stream, since it began in the early 1980s, has helped everyday Americans turn each $1,000 invested into well over $1.1 million by 2002. That’s an average return of 38% PER YEAR (and that’s not including cash dividends). This investment was founded by one of the smartest gold investors in America. He’s the former CEO of one of the world’s largest mining operation. He is also the former head of the World Gold Council. Today, this royalty stream has stakes in nearly 40 projects around the globe, with 22 more coming online in the next few years.

“The thing to remember here is: Over the last 5 years, this investment has gained more than 50-times the stock market as a whole.

“It simply doesn’t get much better than this in the investment world.

“Royalty Stream #3: This royalty stream recently went public – in 2008 – and has already produced gains as high as 350% – outpacing the returns of the other royalty streams I’ve been talking about.

“This is a rare chance to get in at the very beginning of what could be one of the most financially rewarding royalty streams to date. I expect a safe and simple investment could return many times your money over the next few years.”

Sound familiar? Yes, these are also the “Secret Gold Societies” that Badiali teased a while back, #1 is Royal Gold (RGLD), #2 is Franco-Nevada (FNV) and little #3 is Sandstorm Gold (SSL in Canada, SNDXF on the pink sheets).

I won’t bore you by copying over my commentary on each of those three from April, when we covered the “Secret Gold Societies” (He also pitched Silver Wheaton on the silver front back then as well, and later on in this latest “Mainz” ad he hints at SLW again, too). They’re all good companies, I own only one of them (Sandstorm Gold), and they have tremendous leverage to rising gold (and silver) prices with relatively less risk than the miners themselves, and their businesses haven’t changed in three months so if you want more of my blather you can get it here.

These companies have less leverage than a junior explorer who finds a big deposit, of course, and even less than a producer who ramps up production quickly … but the spikes you can get from such companies are often accompanied by heartburn as you worry about the risks and variable expenses of mine-building, diesel fuel, regulatory changes, accidents, permitting, etc.

RGLD is the biggest and most well-known of these, and they have some trophy assets, but they’re also the most expensive — If I were starting today at these prices I’d probably pick FNV for a larger and more diversified royalty firm or Sandstorm if you want a slightly riskier small streamer that should be able to grow revenue and margins more quickly, but, in all honesty, if gold and silver go up you’re going to do fine with any of these … and if gold goes down past $1,200 or $1,000 and stays low for a while they’re all going to be a bit challenged because some mines will probably be forced to shut down or slow down and therefore pause those royalty streams, and the streams or royalties themselves will generate less revenue at lower prices.

Royal Gold is also being actively touted by Ian Wyatt as his “forever gold” pick which implies great dividends, and it does have a growing dividend but the payout remains quite small at these prices — Franco-Nevada pays a small dividend too, for what it’s worth. If you want more ammo one way or the other, Frank Holmes over at US Global Advisers has Franco-Nevada as his largest holding in their Gold & Precious Metals Fund, which is a worthy endorsement (they own RGLD too, just a smaller piece).

The nice thing about royalty companies is they have pretty fixed expenses to go with their leverage to commodity prices — once you’ve got a couple experts on staff you don’t need to add a dozen more if you buy a few more royalties. Franco Nevada has about 20 full time employees as a $6.5 billion company, and Sandstorm Gold has about nine employees as a $600 million company … and there aren’t many corporate costs other than buying the streams or royalty rights (a capital investment) and supporting that small employee base. The bad thing is that you have counterparty risk and a lack of control over projects — so you’re counting on the miners to fulfill their duty to you under contract, but most deals don’t provide for much if any recourse if the mine shuts down for a few years, that’s the shared risk and the passive nature of these royalties and streaming deals. If the mine operates, risk is lower; if it doesn’t operate, their percentage of zero output is, well, zero and in some cases where it goes beyond the mine just shutting down as a poor performer they’ll be left going to bankruptcy court to get in line (often the front of the line, thankfully) as a creditor.

You don’t have to look much further for this risk than Sandstorm Gold’s sister company, Sandstorm Metals and Energy (which I also own — SND in Canada, STTYF on the pink sheets) — they spun off this business a couple years ago and got started with two big coal streaming deals, and they’ve been clobbered (maybe over-clobbered, I’d argue) as a result of the collapse in thermal coal pricing and the failure of one of those coal companies. That remains a much longer-term play as a result, some early mistakes in due diligence and/or bad luck have pushed out cash flow expectations further into the future, but I continue to hold the shares and was actually considering buying more at depressed prices (I haven’t yet) because of the generally good environment for financiers (little miners are a bit desperate) and their large cash position. I’ve been quite wrong on this one so far, so be careful.

Bored with these royalty/streaming ideas yet? I’ve become so enamored of this kind of passive investment over recent years that I rarely am all that tempted by actual miners anymore, but the clean and easy-to-sell idea also makes these a natural fit for newsletter teaser ads and we’ve probably covered them to death as a result. Still, if you’ve a favorite in the great RGLD SLW FNV SSL pantheon, or prefer a smaller up-and-comer who isn’t on that list, feel free to shout out your reasons why with a comment below. Thanks!

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Share Your Thoughts

ShowHide Comments (36)
    1. Gerald Bailey
      Jun 27 2012, 03:50:37 pm

      I am no obama supporter and did not/will not vote for him. However, the Schedule “C” reporting income on Federal 1040 is business income less allowable business related deductions. Therefore it is net income from sales of books. Royalty income is generally reported on Schedule “E” Federal Form 1040. Accordingly: the tease is a total misrepresentation.

      • 3984 |
        Travis Johnson, Stock Gumshoe
        Jun 27 2012, 03:58:32 pm

        The idea that royalties on book sales and royalties on mineral rights are the same thing is, of course, misleading — but despite the misleading headline Badiali did, in the text, note that the royalties referred to for Obama are book publishing royalties. Which are indeed reported on Schedule C along with stuff like music royalties, though you’re right that royalties for “non-creative” work are indeed reported on Schedule E (“non-creative” in this case includes stuff like patent royalties as well as mineral royalties, as far as I can tell).

      • 3984 |
        Travis Johnson, Stock Gumshoe
        Jun 27 2012, 04:11:04 pm

        You’re right, though the first iteration of that “Mainz” teaser was all about US energy trusts (mostly the natural gas trusts). There are a lot of oil and gas trusts and a few iron trusts, they are a little bit different than the royalty/streaming companies I noted above even beyond the fact that they’re focused on different commodities, largely because most of them are tied to a particular defined oil/gas field or mine and US trusts are forbidden from expanding or spending money (they can’t explore or buy new properties). With these trusts, there’s closer attention to be paid to things like the trust life (when does the trust disband and effectively end) and to their depletion rate, which gives some sense of how long they can keep generating returns at the current rate. Those things are important for the royalty companies, too, but the royalty companies are once-removed and have a portfolio of assets instead of exposure to just one mine or one oil field.

        If you’re curious about oil and gas trusts, particularly the newer ones that have been launched recently, they’ve been teased this year too — here’s a recent article about the new ones: http://stockgumshoe.com/reviews/energy-strategist/yielding-13-0-today-and-set-to-pay-out-even-more-tomorrow-whats-the-next-millionaire-making-prudhoe-bay/

    2. sagenot
      Jun 27 2012, 07:00:30 pm

      Nice work Travis, don’t let the nit pickers get to you, at the rate Washington is piling up US debt, gold & silver royalties will keep paying forever & ever! God help us when the USA is forced to DE-VALUE the buck! :):):)

    3. Neil Campbell
      Jun 27 2012, 09:48:36 pm

      Intriguing as gold and miners are the list is truly a retiree’s dream. Looking for gold and silver to bottom in Aug and will “back up the truck” .
      I bought SNDXF for the grand-kids back when it was $.80 (before the 5/1 reverse split.)
      When it moves to the AMEX it should get more recognition?

      Good Work!!!!!

    4. MC
      Jun 28 2012, 01:47:13 pm

      How does a 2300% return get you from $1000 to $2.3M? Isnt that a 230,000% return? Seems like the return was 24x or 2400% turning an investment of $1000 into $24,000 in 10 years.

      • 3984 |
        Travis Johnson, Stock Gumshoe
        Jun 28 2012, 02:00:13 pm

        Uh oh, you’re not supposed to check the numbers! Don’t look behind the curtain!

        RGLD has undoubtedly been a spectacular investment for long-term holders — but that presumes that you bought in before they really became a royalty company, back when they were still trying to be a gold explorer (or before that, I think they were an oil explorer if memory serves) … you could have bought in for far less than a dollar 20 years ago, so there has been a potential for 250,000%(ish) gains — assuming you were the prescient one who bought when everyone else thought they would go bankrupt, when it bottomed at two or three cents a share in early 1992, and sold somewhere near the recent $80 high.

        If you did that, presumably you’re not working or worrying much about your investments anymore. I wonder if even the insiders bought down there at those penny prices.

    5. Lawrence Barnett
      Jun 28 2012, 03:24:09 pm

      How about Aberdeen International Inc. (AAB.TO), another royalty company?
      As at April 30, 2012, Aberdeen’s Shareholders’ Equity (or Net Asset Value, “NAV”) was $79.2 million, or $0.91 per share.
      It’s trading today at $0.37, or 60% below NAV.

      • 3984 |
        Travis Johnson, Stock Gumshoe
        Jun 28 2012, 03:33:53 pm

        I always want to like Aberdeen, but it’s been way, way under book value for a very long time. Haven’t looked at them in quite a while, any particular developments that should spark our interest?

    6. K Han
      Jul 2 2012, 11:57:36 pm

      Thanks for your analysis. Badiali mentions testimonials and provides examples of individuals receiving a monthly stream of income. Then he discusses these three gold companies in which an investor can receive a royalty stream, but only when an investor sells. In other words, owning these gold stocks will not provide a monthly stream of income. Wasn’t that his whole premise? Am I missing something?

      • 3984 |
        Travis Johnson, Stock Gumshoe
        Jul 3 2012, 07:16:16 am

        I think FNV might pay its div monthly but yes, these are not particularly high-yielding current income picks — the regular stream of cash/gold goes to them, not you, and they reinvest most of it.

    7. Vinny
      Jul 10 2012, 09:21:09 pm

      After listening to the Badiali spiel on Obama’s tax return, why in the heck is he trying to sell a one-year trial subscription for $39 when, according to his report, he can make many times that amount by following his own investments? Why spend countless hours developing monthly reports, research, and advertising, when he can make all the money he wants by collecting royalty rights? He doesn’t need my $39, or does he?

      • Jason
        Jul 13 2012, 09:39:02 pm

        It’s a hoax. There is no real way to “get rich quick.” Hard work, diligent research, integrity and sometimes good fortune ( luck or blessing) makes money.

    8. vinod singh
      Jul 24 2012, 05:21:15 pm

      I would like to know how i can get involved in this and what if any cost will be associated to get started

      give me full details on how i can start making money asap at least several thousand per month
      vinod singh

      • 3984 |
        Travis Johnson, Stock Gumshoe
        Jul 25 2012, 08:54:03 am

        Read the article above — there’s nothing instant about royalty income streams, they do not create magical monthly income. If you think the commodities in question will go up over time then I expect these firms will all do very well, but it doesn’t create quick income — the few of these royalty/streaming companies who do pay a dividend pay a very small one so far, despite the teaser that compares these to book royalties earned by famous people, these companies are more useful for long-term compounding of wealth in a rising gold (or silver, or whatever) environment. Making several thousand per month right now in dividend income using these particular investments would require a truly massive up front investment because the current income yield is only, on average, about 1% a year. The expectation is that this dividend will gradually rise, but it will take a long period of successful compounding before these become meaningful current income investments for current investors.

    9. Marlies
      Jul 26 2012, 05:19:22 pm

      I appreciate your information and comments. Your content is ecellent.
      In my old age I have become a gambler. Aren’t we all who indulge into buying and selling stocks, precious metal etc. I do not have 20 years to hope for appreciation. I prefer the very risky internet investment that pays me 2% working days which I presently compound and 2,5% daily which I withdraw every second or third day, for 60 days. It is risky and there are scammers out there, (I have suffered losses too) however should I go to the Casino I also take a risk and it is implied that I probably loose. The same applies to most other investments. Invest only what you can afford to loose.
      Best wishes for financial success

      • Sandra DeGirolamo
        Aug 9 2012, 11:09:48 am

        I couldn’t agree more; we have a casino just a mile away and on the rare occassions my husband and I visit, I always say we should just give them our money at the door, it would be less painful.
        I am intrigued by your 2% internet investment program. Can you share more information?

    10. Roger C
      Aug 12 2012, 07:58:23 pm

      ALL THESE GUYS TELL YOU THERE IS NOTHING TO RISK BUT KNOWLEDGE THEN THEY TRY AND GET YOU TO BUY A BOOK OR MEMBERSHIP. IF YOU WANT LIFETIME “REAL” RESIDUALS AND WANT TO RETIRE A MILLIONARE, MARKETAMERICA.COM IS THE ONLY TRUE WAY TO MAKE A TON OF MONEY WITH LITTLE TIME INVESTED. CHECK FOR YOURSELF. PRESIDENT APPROVED. MY FRIEND STARTED PART-TIME AND OWNED A LANDSCAPING COMPANY, A SUCCESSFUL OE AT THAT. HE STARTED MAKING SO MUCH MONEY WITH MARKET AMERICA, HE SOLD HIS COMPANY AND WITH 9 YEARS HE GETS RESIDUALS FROM DAY ONE AND IS A VERY YOUNG MILLIONARE !

    11. Eugene
      Aug 15 2012, 07:49:23 pm

      Sandra:
      The so-called ‘investment’ are HYIP ‘Programs’. You can
      GOOGLE the term ‘HYIP Programs’ and learn all about them.
      They are advertised all over the internet.

      EVERY ONE IS A SCAM. Yes, you can get paid for a while
      until the ‘program’ stops paying and the CROOKS run with
      your money.

      Getting paid 2% daily sounds good, but MOST PEOPLE
      do NOT even get their original ‘investment’ back. The
      crooks depend on people telling their friends and family
      all about their great return (2% or whatever daily) so there
      is a huge influx of new ‘investors’ and then these same
      people start ‘investing’ even MORE money once they see
      they are getting paid 2% (or whatever) daily from their
      initial small ‘investment’ (they are testing the waters). So
      next thing you know instead of ‘investing’ $50, they are now
      ‘investing’ THOUSANDS of $$$.

      The program is not sustainable and the CROOKS know when
      to stop (when ‘investments’ have increased dramatically because
      they have been faithfully paying out 2% (or whatever) to the
      ‘investors’.

      Don’t fall for these programs! I have experience and LOST
      MONEY in them. There is NO WAY for you to know when
      they will stop paying. There is NO TRANSPARENCY. You do
      NOT know WHO the owners (CROOKS) of the ‘program’ are.
      Many times they stop paying right after YOU ‘invested’ your
      hard earned money! (Because you got in too late). And then
      you have the embarrassment of explaining to your friends and
      family WHY the program failed, AFTER YOU RECOMMENDED
      IT TO THEM!! 🙁

      Eugene
      August 15, 2012

    12. Brent
      Sep 13 2012, 01:04:12 pm

      I know I’m a little late to the party, but I just watched the whole “mainz” sales pitch. Thanks Stock Gumshoe for saving me $40. One yellow flag about the video was how the first part about royalties really had nothing to do with the latter investments he pitched. I mean, what does Obama’s royalties from his book really have to do with stock investments in gold trusts? I know you have to provide a good sales pitch, but come on. When I think of an “income stream” I think about money coming in on a routine basis, not holding on to a stock and only seeing money when you sell it (and it gained in value).

    13. Susan Sanford
      Sep 22 2012, 10:03:57 am

      I resent the fact that so many newsletters incinuate that Obama is doing something covert! He’s entitled to his book proceeds!

    14. Jodi
      Oct 13 2012, 09:47:40 pm

      I just want to find SOMETHING that will help me make $1000 a month. Something. Anything that works. Geez. I’m glad I found this site, although I am now extremely discouraged. I was hoping this royalty thing would be good. Guess not. And the “writing” options at Advanced Income is out for me, as well as the 18-digit code for selling puts is out for me too. Grrrrrrr… Is there ANYTHING decent out there?????

    15. Julian
      Oct 28 2012, 03:56:33 pm

      One nice miner is GDXJ; they have bottomed out about 2 months ago and are now on the upswing ..check out their history on sites like Fidelity Investments or Scottrade, etc.

    16. Mino Taur
      May 26 2013, 01:58:40 pm

      It’s true that an author gets royalties. However, i read somewhere that JK Rowling had two big starter projects: First she had to write the first “Harry Potter” novel. Then she had to sell it to a publisher. The second phase was apparently harder, but it was required before she could get a penny from her creation.

    17. Richard Padula
      Jun 19 2013, 06:46:30 pm

      I Read this entire article once again. Yes, it made more sense but I do have a question that I would like answered. These “Royalty Companies” that you refer to in this article can a person who doesn’t write a book, can that individual invest in royalty companies that you suggest. Also, how does one go about doing this transaction? Do I buy shares for the long term and just wait? Do I ask my broker for more information on buying that he most likely steer me as an investor away. Yes, I have the means to do this investing but how does one go about attaining royalty income if possible. I read all the question and replies but nothing relates to the investment approach of getting started. These questions I am asking are direct and to the point, therefore I request all questions to be entered in there entirety.

      • 3984 |
        Travis Johnson, Stock Gumshoe
        Jun 19 2013, 08:01:54 pm

        There are royalties that individuals own or earn, like book royalties or royalties that you may receive for mineral production on land that you own, but what’s being teased here are stocks. They are stocks of companies whose specialty is buying, creating or managing royalty rights and collecting the funds due them on those royalties. You can invest in them the same way you would buy any other stock, though some are technically trusts or partnerships. Royalty-owning corporations, like Royal Gold, are not required to pass any income from the royalties directly to you as dividends (though they do pay some dividends), royalty-owning trusts, like the oil and natural gas trusts, are generally tax pass-through vehicles that are designed to pass the lion’s share of their cash flow from those royalties directly to unitholders, so they typically have relatively high distributions. Buying and selling stocks that own royalties, streaming deals, or other passive interest in some asset or future cash flow is just like buying any other stock on the stock market, you trade the units/stock in the same way and receive whatever the distributions or dividends are through your broker — though the tax treatment, structures and useful lives of the companies, trusts and partnerships can differ.

    18. James A. Smith
      Nov 5 2013, 10:37:20 am

      I was put on guard when Badiali (if he provides his email offer narration) could not pronounce “Mainz” correctly. It’s “mines”, dummy.

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