Time to Break Up Berkshire Hathaway?

By mazorsedge, November 27, 2015

[ed. note: We’re closed for the holidays and running our charitable membership campaign, but thought you might find this guest article from longtime Berkshire shareholder David Mazor worth a read. His words and opinions are his own. Enjoy!]

Is it time to break up Berkshire Hathaway? A November 14, 2015, opinion piece in Barron’s by retired analyst Thornton Oglove asserts that it is.

In Oglove’s view, Berkshire’s companies are undervalued in its current mega-conglomerate structure and would be worth more spun-off as individual dividend-paying companies.

I beg to differ.

Twelve Big Reasons Berkshire is Stronger Together than Broken Up​

1. Berkshire’s not your typical conglomerate. Back in the 1960s, conglomerates got a bad name because weak companies were tied together in the hopes that the combined assets would be overvalued by investors. Unfortunately, as with all things overvalued, prices eventually decline. With Berkshire, you have quality assets that continue to grow in value. What is the value of BNSF Railway today, for example, as compared to when it was acquired in 2009? Not only is it worth significantly more, but only five years after it was acquired, Berkshire had already recouped 100% of the cash it had spent in the acquisition.

2. Berkshire’s greatest strength is its ability to move capital tax free across industries. Under its current structure Berkshire can use its profits from one of its companies to meet the needs of another. Warren Buffett began this practice long ago, and it is why, for example, you don’t find a See’s Candies in every mall. He recognized that See’s profits were better spent invested in other companies in other sectors rather than in building a candy empire.

3. Berkshire can use capital much more effectively for acquisitions than you or I can. In the past year, Berkshire has helped fund the $12.5 billion merger between Burger King and Tim Hortons, gaining among other things a 4.8% stake at a penny a share; merged H.J. Heinz with Kraft Foods in order to form the third-largest food and beverage company in North America (picking up a nice a $4 billion gain in the process); and is now on the cusp of acquiring Precision Castparts in a $42 billion deal that will bring into the fold a major aerospace manufacturer just as demand for commercial airlines is expected to double over the next 15 years. These deals, and a number of other smaller ones, demonstrate that just as a tidal wave of water is infinitely more powerful than a lot people sitting at home filling their teacups, a tidal wave of money is far more powerful than a lot of individual dollars sitting in your bank accounts.

4. Berkshire’s philosophy is one of the reasons its companies are worth so much. Most companies have one eye on the calendar every 90 days as they sweat out the latest quarterly earnings report. Not Berkshire’s companies. Warren Buffett wants his managers making their decisions based what is good for the long term, and he couldn’t care less about appeasing those obsessed with quarterly earnings. This makes a huge difference at capital-intensive companies such as BNSF Railway, which are freed up to make the kinds of capital investments that bring great returns down the line even if they hurt short term earnings. The same goes on the insurance side, where Buffett has never been a fan of excessive underwriting that boosts premiums on the short term, but risks big losses down the road.

5. Berkshire’s diversity is one of its great strengths. Gone are the days when Berkshire was an insurance company above all else. Today’s Berkshire is tremendously diversified with everything from insurance, utilities, and clothing manufacturing, to a leading freight railroad under its umbrella. Investing in Berkshire means weakness in a given sector won’t torpedo your investment.

6. Berkshire provides a great home for companies looking to sell. Got a billion-dollar company that you want to sell? Berkshire could be the perfect home for you. If you’ve founded a company in your garage and watched it grow into a five-billion-dollar company, do you want to sell it to a private equity firm now that you are ready to retire? If you do, the management is likely to be dumped and it’s the company broken up into pieces and sold off. Not with Berkshire, and that’s why companies such as ISCAR Metalworking approach Berkshire about being acquired.

7. Berkshire’s loyalty attracts quality assets. Not every company Berkshire has acquired over the years has worked out, yet Berkshire doesn’t sell off the losers. Why? Because the promise that once you become part of the Berkshire family you stay part of the Berkshire family helps attract quality companies. So if Berkshire has to carry a few underperformers in order to attract quality assets, that loyalty pays off over and over again.

8. Are you as patient as Berkshire? Berkshire is not afraid to sit on its money waiting for opportunity. When the economy collapsed in 2009, Berkshire’s huge cash position allowed it to make extraordinary deals with cash-strapped Bank of America, Goldman Sachs, and others. The Wall Street Journal calculated a 40 percent return on those blue chip investments. Berkshire was also able to acquire quality assets, such as RV-maker Coachman, for a song when they ran into cash-flow problems.

9. Berkshire’s stock portfolio is better than a mutual fund. While Berkshire’s $100 billion-plus portfolio of blue chip stocks, including Coca-Cola, IBM, Walmart, and Wells Fargo, among others, may or may not outperform the broader market in a given year, don’t make the mistake of thinking it is just a mutual fund wrapped in a conglomerate. Berkshire’s portfolio offers an opportunity to put its cash to work and still liquidate stock positions in ways no mutual fund or ETF can. Just look at this summer’s tax-free swap of billions in appreciated Procter & Gamble stock for P&G’s Duracell division, and its recent tax-free swap of Phillips 66 stock for the company’s specialty chemicals division as just two examples of Berkshire leveraging its portfolio.

10. Berkshire expands the capabilities of its existing companies. Unlike conglomerates that are always acquiring assets only to starve them of the resources that can make them flourish, Berkshire helps its companies grow. Buffett is a big believer in the bolt-on acquisition that adds new capabilities to Berkshire’s existing companies. Many of these acquisitions don’t get much media play, but they continually make Berkshire’s existing companies stronger. For example, Berkshire’s billion-dollar acquisition of Cornelius made the Marmon Group the world leader in beverage dispensing, Lubrizol added Weatherford International’s global oilfield chemicals business, and MiTek Industries added M&M Manufacturing, one of the country’s largest producers of sheet metal products.

11. Berkshire makes its constituent companies stronger and less failure prone. Not only was Berkshire able to scoop up bargains during the Great Recession, but it was also able to ensure the survival of its companies during a time when many companies were filing for bankruptcy protection. Berkshire’s strength and diversity enabled its manufacturing and service companies to survive a financial downturn that wiped out similar companies that had to go it alone.

12. Berkshire allows you to invest like Warren Buffett. Unlike most conglomerates that pay millions to a CEO who may end up using a golden parachute at your expense in a few years, Berkshire’s CEO only earns $100,000 a year. Yes, you got that right, it’s not missing a few zeros. As an investor in Berkshire, you are growing your wealth on the same basis as Buffett, through the appreciation of the stock price. What’s more, he’s doing all the work. Try and find a hedge fund or mutual fund run on the same basis.

Deconglomerate? Not on Your Life!

It’s true that Berkshire will never again experience the explosive growth that it did in its first few decades, but don’t think that with all its diversity it’s the “ponderous” entity that Thornton Oglove claims it is. Warren Buffett’s pretty darn smart and has created an outstanding combination of safety and earning power that will carry on long after he is gone. You just have to look at Berkshire’s outstanding track record of acquisitions over the past six years to prove that its best years are not a distant memory, and that’s more than enough reason to resist the siren call to “deconglomerate.”

© 2015 David Mazor

David Mazor writes daily about Berkshire Hathaway @ www.mazorsedge.com.

Disclosure: David Mazor is a freelance writer focusing on Berkshire Hathaway. The author is long in Berkshire Hathaway, and this article is not a recommendation on whether to buy or sell the stock. The information contained in this article should not be construed as personalized or individualized investment advice. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.


6
Share your thoughts...

avatar
5 Comment threads
1 Thread replies
0 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
6 Comment authors
robtcohenBill PowellmugenrluoFRANKLINFrenchy Recent comment authors

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

John C
Guest
John C

I’ve owned some Berkshire Hathaway B shares for over 6 years now and the return during those years is over 6%. Not huge, but consistent. Better than a bank, and with no fear of loss do to bad banking procedures.

Frenchy
Member
Frenchy

Amen Travis!
Long BRK.B

FRANKLIN
Guest

Berkshire is a lifetime stock for me. I will never sell. I sleep good at night too In my openion
you can’t go wrong with this stock.

Add a Topic
5971
Add a Topic
5971
mugenrluo
Member
mugenrluo

Warren Buffett should consider buying out Reeds. Of course, I’m sure it’s a bit too “small” for him. However, his affection and passion towards Coke will probably never die but he needs to consider that over time the “GMO and NONGMO affect” will eventually transition society slowly into the realm of organic foods and drinks. Coke and Monster may be bustling and popular but over time , I bet investors will start to sway and transition towards organic sodas/drinks as popular restaurants and “fast casual dining places” take into the consideration of society’s health and switch to organic options. It’ll… Read more »

Add a Topic
995
Add a Topic
570
robtcohen
Irregular

IMHO, Coca Cola if need be could takeover the no-artificial sweetener /no-sugar market. They have Desani brand that is seemingly price competing with some other no-sweet- anything water labels, and surely could cut that price if ever deemed utterly/direly necessary. I’m not saying National Beverage (and their Monster brand?) is a bad investment risk, just sorta of “rationalizing” here that sugar and artificial sweeteners are too Coke dependent (actually it’s vice-versa) for the company’s own good. I am idealistically envisioning a future (but probably fictional time, so never mind) when sugar and the other darn sweeteners are passé, which I… Read more »

Add a Topic
1486
Add a Topic
540
Add a Topic
1358
Bill Powell
Guest
Bill Powell

Personal sidelight that’s interesting to me. My wife’s father was a son of Norwegian immigrants who spent his life working as a Conductor/Baggageman for the Great Northern Railroad – My Grandfather was the son of German immigrants who moved to Arizona Territory after the Civil War – He spent his life as an Engineer for the Santa Fe Railroad and died at the wheel of his train of a heart attack in 1945. So after wife and I got together – Warren joined the Burlington Northern (composed mainly of formerly Great Northern) and the Santa Fe into his BNSF! Strange… Read more »