We close out the week with a look at the “Income Security of the Month” — Carla Pasternak puts one of these out each month as a teaser to get folks to subscribe to her High-Yield Investing newsletter, and we’ve looked at several of them before — it’s been a hodgepodge, the Korea Fund and Capstead Mortgage preferred shares have both made the list, but at least one of them (Capstead) was a good and well-timed idea, so let’s see what she’s got for us today …
The “Income Security of the Month” for March is an exchange traded bond — these are not all that common, but there are at least a few hundred of them that are easily available. Exchange traded bonds are just bonds that are issued in smaller increments (usually $25 instead of the more typical $1,000 for other corporate bonds), and that trade just like stocks on one of the major exchanges. They’re often, but not always, offered by large, well-known companies — Ford, GM and GE have a lot of them outstanding, for example.
This is not one of those suffering “blue chips,” though — no, today we’re looking at some kind of cell phone company. Here are some clues:
“The company behind our “Income Security of the Month” provides wireless telephone services, a sector that has proved to be resilient amid the current economic turmoil. In fact, in the fourth quarter of 2008 — a challenging period for most businesses — this company actually grew its customer base and service revenues. Don’t wait too long to lock in this double-digit income provider — its current discount may not last long.”
OK, so that gets us narrowed down by sector. Any other tips from the ad?
At the time the ad was written, Pasternak told us that the shares were going for “about $14” — which would provide a 13.1% yield and, if the shares return to their principal value, a gain of 75%.
The current dividend is $1.875 a year, paid quarterly.
Carla also tells us that …
“… from here, we are likely to see a rise of +75% in the share price as the shares trade back at the level they had been at for years — approaching their principal value. Investors normally enjoy a solid yield of 7.5% on this security.”
So yes, if they normally enjoy a solid yield of 7.5%, and the payment is $1.875 per year, we must be dealing with a standard exchange traded bond that has a principal amount of $25.
And yes, if we start with a $14 price and it goes back to $25, that’s a potential capital gain of just over 75%.
So we’ve got the math down … why would we want to loan this particular company our money?
“While every other business has cut spending to the bone and lowered expectations for 2009, this company announced that not only would it grow next year, it would continue to invest in its business, allowing it to ’emerge from the economic downturn stronger than ever.'”
“How has this company been able to buck the trend in this lousy economy? Consumers cut back on a lot of things during an economic downturn. They may pass on a costly vacation, a trip to the spa, or even their $5 latte. But you won’t find too many people willing to give up their cell phones. For most people, phone service is essential, like electricity, heat, or water.
“And that has been just one of the contributing factors that have caused this security to outperform the S&P 500 by +22.4 percentage points in the last three months alone.”
OK … enough for you? We’ll throw all those clues into the mighty, mighty Thinkolator, and we find out that this is is …
United States Cellular. The regular stock ticker is USM, and the ticker for this exchange traded bond is UZV.
Here are the bond’s details:
7.50% Senior Notes due 6/15/2034
Ticker Symbol: UZV
Rating: Baa2 and BBB- (right on the borderline between “investment grade” and “junk,” according to the ratings agencies)
Coupon: $1.875 annually (quarterly payments of just under 47 cents)
Payment dates: 3/15, 6/15, 9/15, 12/15
The ex dividend date for the last payment, which was paid last week, was March 11, so we would assume that the ex div date for June will probably be just a few days before the payment date, too.
The prices of these bonds have recovered a little bit since Carla wrote her ad a few weeks ago (these bonds had a big dip right around March 1 to $14, but recovered quickly), so the price is now right around $17, which makes coupon yield almost exactly 11%. Still not bad. And that means the potential capital gain, if the shares return to their principal value, would be more like 40%.
These bonds are “callable” by the borrower, US Cellular, any time after June 17 of this year at $25 — it seems unlikely that they’d choose to do so, since it would probably be tough for them to borrow at better than 7.5% right now, but you never know — and the environment could certainly change dramatically at any time between now and when these bonds mature (and when they’re required to pay you back the $25) in 25 years.
So … if you cut through all the details the big question is, would you loan United States Cellular money at 11% interest? The calculus that goes into that is essentially: “are they good for it?” and “is that enough interest to compensate for my risked principal?”
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Those are questions that will be answered differently by everyone, of course — but here’s the basic sketch of United States Cellular as an operating company:
They are not absurdly indebted, as so many companies are today — they have a market cap of about $3 billion, and $1 billion in debt — of which $300 million is from this particular exchange-traded bond issuance. (These are “senior notes,” so they’re near the front of the creditor line to get repaid if the company gets into big trouble someday).